Wednesday, 31 August 2011

The 'Speakasiaonline' lie is blown out of the water, but the 'MLM' lie sails on regardless


Although the recent news about 'Speakasiaonline' is encouraging, it is almost a pointless exercise to deal with 'MLM income opportunity' fraud on a case by case basis.
I challenge any gang of 'MLM income opportunity' racketeers anywhere in the world, to prove that a significant number of their constantly-churning adherents has ever earned any net-income lawfully from regularly retailing products, and/or services, to the public for a profit.
No one is going to accept my challenge, for the simple reason that the overwhelming majority of so-called 'Independent MLM Business Owners' have abandoned their so-called 'businesses' within a short period, whilst a significant minority (usually with access to independent funds) have become de facto slaves, unconsciously dissipating all their mental, physical and financial resources to the benefit of hitherto unknown 'MLM' bosses, whom they have continued to trust and follow no matter what suffering this has entailed.
The evidence (in the form of the tax record) proves that, for the previous 50+ years, all so-called 'MLM income opportunities,' have been variations of essentially the same addictive lie. This reality-inverting, self-perpetuating fraud was conceived by a pathetic little gang of narcissistic parasites in the USA, where it has never been rigorously challenged in the criminal courts.  As a direct result of this chronic failure of US law enforcement, certain American 'MLM' bosses have managed to become some of the most influential and wealthy racketeers in history. Not surprisingly, they have spawned countless copy-cats, including the bosses of the Indian 'MLM' racket known as 'Speakasiaonline'. 
Whilst US law enforcement agents have continued to do effectively nothing, 'MLM income opportunity' fraud has become a global, organized criminal activity generating billions of illegal dollars and poisoning the lives of tens of millions of ill-informed individuals. A significant amount of this stolen cash has been used to infiltrate traditional culture, and particularly to co-opt academics and corrupt government. 
Had common-sense been applied years ago in the USA, then  'MLM income opportunity' fraud could have been fully-identified, and stamped out. Instead, we are now in a crazy situation where the phenomenon still remains largely-unrecognised, even though it should be ranked alongside the sale of narcotics as an ongoing menace to democracy and the rule of law.
Quite obviously, it is now not in the interests of senior US law enforcement agents and politicians to admit their own shameful role in this shameful affair.
David Brear (copyright 2011)

Task Force police nab Amway copycat Nano Excel's chief Harish Maddineni

Hyderabad Task Force police on Tuesday arrested one Maddineni Harish, managing director of Nano Excel Corporation which has been indulging in illegal money circulation scheme by peddling several products. This fraudulent company which is nothing but a copy cat of Amway India has already collected several hundreds of millions all over country. It claims it is marketing health and wellness products!
Funnily, its health care product is Nano Power Card (just keep the card in your pocket to improve your health), Home care product is Bio ceraAto zero shower head, Home care products are laundry ball (just put it in the washing machine and get your clothes cleaner) and cooking stone, safe drinking water products are water filter jug, mineral water system and Nano water bottle.
Nano Excel boasts that it is into Nano power plant and improving nano fabric and many other latest technologies. Started just three years ago, the Nano Excel has already collected several hundreds of millions of rupees all over country and it boasts of having members in India, Nepal and Bangladesh. It claims to be headquartered in United Arab Emirates with India headquarters in New Delhi.Like all crooks this fellow Harish Maddineni got photographs of him with celebrities like the former Indian President Dr Abdul Kalam,  Mr Tunku Naquiddin, prince of Malaysia, and also claims to possess doctorate in Nano Therapy (whatever that means).
Finally, the the Task Force of Central Crime Station, Hyderabad, police has caught up with the racketeer and arrested him.

Tuesday, 30 August 2011

AP High Court dismisses writ petition of speakasiaonline

Justice Raja Elango of Andhra Pradesh High Court on Tuesday delivered the judgement which could herald a new path against the multilevel marketing, dismissing the writ petition filed by speakasiaonline appealing to stall investigation into its business model. Justice Raja Elango dismissed the writ petition and vacated the stay order issued by the High Court which restrained the arrest of the employees of speakasiaonline.
Now the CID police of Andhra Pradesh could go ahead with the arrest of the all the culprits responsible for the massive fraud involving about 20 billion rupees. So far, the police could freeze the assets worth about 5 billion rupees.
It appears the Andhra Pradesh High Court has taken into consideration the affidavit filed by Corporate Frauds Watch. However, the full judgement which would come out in a couple of days would reveal it all.
It could be safely said that it is a victory of Corporate Frauds Watch as its counsel Mr Mastan Vali was not even given an opportunity to present the argument. Whatever was presented in the affidavit submitted to the High Court as Respondent No.2, was more than sufficient for the High Court to arrive at the conclusion, it appears.
Ms Harender Kaur who went into hiding after the CID launched investigation may not appear in public in near future. And the gullible people who blindly believed their friends and relatives to the offer of 'good business opportunity', stand to lose their hard-earned money.
The case should become an eye-opener to the people all over world not to fall prey to the lure of easy and quick money.

Saturday, 27 August 2011

Why would a corrupt politician vote for an anti-corruption law?

Anna Hazare's hunger strike is now into its 12th day. As a result of his courageous stand, the Indian parliament is debating a proposed anti-corruption law.
At the risk of stating the obvious, perhaps the last people who should have any say in drafting Indian anti-corruption laws are Indian politicians. It is the equivalent of asking turkeys to vote for Christmas, but, apparently, that is exactly what is happening right now. 
Surely, the only way to have dealt with this issue would have been to have first  included a common-sense clause in the Indian Constitution which places all Indians (no matter what their position) liable to investigation and prosecution (if they break any law). Only then, could an anti-corruption law have any chance of halting corruption.
The important question currently facing Indians is the same question facing the citizens of many other countries:
Is the government the servant of the people, or have the people become the servants of a wealthy minority of crooks who have secretly bought the government?
David Brear (copyright 2011)  

Multi level marketing, a camouflaged illegal money circulation scheme : Finance department of Manipur

The Manipur State Government has issued a Press statement warning its people not to fall prey to the evil designs of multilevel marketing companies.
Corporate Frauds Watch highly appreciates the efforts of one of the prominent states of North Eastern part of India to curb the menace of multilevel marketing.

Posted by manipurmail The First English daily newspaper of Manipur on May 18th, 2011 and filed under Features

Mail News Service
Imphal, May 17 : Finance Commissioner, VK Dewangan said it has been brought to the notice of State Government that a number of money circulation schemes – involving cash gains, infringed into marketing goods, services, drugs and health care products are thriving in the State. The Promoters of these schemes have been making high profile campaign by declaring that enrollment into such scheme; one would be getting back the initial paid investment and keep gaining financially by enrolling new members.
While promoting the schemes they induce the influential people from all cross section of the society and honour them by organizing indoor and outdoor parties/functions with big fanfare to make the general public believe genuineness of schemes, while enrolling other members in the chain with attractive and stylish titles to the enrolled members as “Silver member, Gold member, Diamond member, Platinum member, so on and so forth”.
Many of these companies are taking promotional trips to Bangkok, Pattaya, Singapore and other countries in the name of conferences, meetings etc. Locally also they conduct meetings, conference in big hotels. These dubious companies do whatever possible to attract gullible public, so that, the second set of enrollers keep multiplying and gain financially, fascinating every onlooker to get engrossed into such dubious money circulation schemes. Such a system of chain which work endlessly to provide profit to everyone concerned would ultimately breakdown at some stage, that is when a person fails to get his required clients or enrollers, the promoter would not tell of its attaining saturation of member enrollments in that particular area but blame it as one’s personal failures.
Ultimately, the easy prey, the middle class, building castles in the air loses all their
savings even at the cost of their blood relations, the kith and kin who are also victimized.
The worst suffers in such schemes are often educated unemployed youths who lose their time, health, Wealth in the chase of wild goose and dreams. Such schemes have ultimately destroyed a number of families and friendships.
2. This is to inform to all the general public, Government officials and other concerned that the specific provisions under Prize Chits and Money Circulation Schemes (Banning) (Manipur) Rules, 1978, relevant sections under cheating Section 420 of IPC, Drugs and Cosmetics Act 1940 by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Drugs and Magic Remedies (Objectionable Advertisement) Act, 1954 are abundantly available to be invoked and effectively check and prevent progress of such dubious floated companies.
Section 3 of Prize Chits and Money Circulation Schemes (Banning) Act, 1978 bans prize chit and money circulation schemes or enrolment as members to any such schemes or participation in such schemes. Section 4 and 5 are penal provisions and prescribe punishment. Section 6 deals with offences committed by Companies. Section 7 authorizes Police Officer not below the rank of Officer in charge of a police station to exercise power to enter and search premises and to seize things used for such scheme. Section 8 provides for forfeiture of newspaper and publication containing money circulation scheme. The Preamble of 1978 Act declares that it has been enacted “to ban the promotion or conduct of prize chits and money circulation schemes and for matters connected therewith and incidental thereto”.
3. The Hon’ble Supreme Court and various Hon’ble High Courts have issued judgments against Multi- Level Marketing (MLM)- a camouflaged illegal money circulation scheme. The Andhra Pradesh High Court (Amway Vs, State of A.P & others), Madras High Court (Apple FMCG Vs. State of T,N & others), Karnataka High Court (Commissioner of Income Tax Vs. Amarjeet Kaur) and Supreme Court of India (Kuriachan Chako Vs, State of Kerala) in their judgments on the above cases have clearly stated that these types of schemes are prejudicial to the public interest and are also adversely affect the efficacy of fiscal and monetary policy as siphoning of crores and crores of money takes place without accountability. Department of Financial Services, Ministry of Finance, Government of India have directed Direcorate of Enforcement and Central Economic Intelligence Bureau for “taking up appropriate action against these major Financial Scam – Siphoning of money without accountability and check in the guise of Multi-Level marketing, Chain Business, Network Business etc. The Central Economic Intelligence Bureau, in turn, has directed State Governments for taking up appropriate action!
4. Therefore, Government of Manipur hereby informs that Prize chits or benefit schemes benefit primarily the promoters and do not serve any social purpose. Thus, the so-called Multi-level marketing (MLM), though called by a very attractive name squarely falls within the definition of “Money Circulation Scheme” under the Act and hence prohibited by the Prize Chits and Money Circulation Schemes (Banning) (Manipur) Rules, 1978.
The general public should avoid and not enroll themselves into these schemes as they not only destroy the economic fabric of our State/country, but also the fiscal system of the country. It is also to inform that MLM schemes destroy the well knitted social fabric of our society and therefore, general public should not associate with such con companies.

Friday, 26 August 2011

Hyderabad cops chase money circulation scheme rackets

It seems that the police in the State of Andhra Pradesh, India, have suddenly woke up from slumber. There are suddenly raids on various small-time money circulation schemes all over the State. The recent spate of cases filed by Corporate Frauds Watch might be the reason behind these raids.
However, they are yet to act upon the big players like Amway, Herbalife, PACL, AgriGold and others. 
On Wednesday, the North Zone police of Hyderabad arrested three persons associated with Moon Life Team Works, which has been luring people with promises of making them rich overnight through money circulation scheme. The police seized eight computers, land documents, Rs. 24,000 in cash and has frozen Bank accounts containing Rs. 22 lakh (i.e. Rs 2.2 million).
Police said P Narayana Chary, started the firm under the guise of real estate business and was assisted by M Sambaiah, who is a poet with the pseudonym Shilpa Jagadish and K Yadaiah. The trio enrolled nearly 3,800 members into their multilevel marketing scheme. They purcahsed land at faraway places for Rs. 3 lakh to Rs. 5 lakh converted them into plots and sold them at higher prices.
They also offered gifts like car and foreign trips. Police said that they collected nearly Rs. 11 crore (Rs. 110 million) from 3,800 members and disitributed Rs. 5 crore (50 million) as commission as well as offered them gifts.
The same modus operandi has been practiced by various companies like PACL, Agrigold, VVR Housing and a number of  other entities.
It is high time, police reacted sharply to the reports at an early stage instead of waiting for the victims to come forward and file the complaints. Usually victims complain only after the schemes collapsed. 

Wednesday, 24 August 2011

What is the 'Speakasiaonline' counsel being paid to hide from the Indian public?

It's no wonder that the counsel for the unoriginal 'MLM income opportunity' fraud known as 'Speakasiaonline,' doesn't want the well-informed attorney of Corporate Frauds Watch to be heard by the Andhra Pradesh High Court.
The 'Speakasiaonline' counsel (who must, at the very least, suspect that he is being paid with stolen money) made a remarkable admission of his client's guilt when he said that the 'MLM business model' of his client is 'very complicated and difficult to understand.' However, even though this ridiculous intellectual prostitute has shot himself in the foot, he wasn't telling the whole truth. Fortunately, the Judge seems to have already deduced that the counsel for 'Speakasiaonline' has been trying to blind the Andhra Pradesh High Court with meaningless mathematics, and no doubt he will rule that Corporate Frauds Watch is acting in defence of the people of the Republic of India, and that  Mr. Mastan Vali has every right to speak.
So what is it that the 'Speakasiaonline' counsel is being paid to hide from the Indian public?
In all so-called 'MLM business models,' to their victims and to casual observers, participation can at first appear to be reasonable and benefits achievable. However, when rigorously examined with common-sense, these so-called 'MLM business models'  gradually become evermore costly and mystifying; for they are all secretly based on the crackpot, economic pseudo-scientific theory that endless-chain recruitment + endless payments by the recruits = endless profits for all recruits who continue to believe in 'MLM' without question.  Ultimately, 'MLM' is completely incomprehensible and its claimed benefits are never quantifiable.
The complex and difficult to understand 'Speakasiaonline MLM business model' has been there only for one reason. Namely, to distract the victims and the authorities from the simple, common-sense explanation of 'MLM income opportunity' fraud:
No matter what impressive, thought-stopping, geometrically-expanding, mathematical formula is applied to illustrate and divide up the money flowing into an 'MLM income opportunity' fraud, the overwhelming majority of ill-informed participants can never hope to receive any overall net-income (no matter how high they climb in the so-called 'MLM business model'), because, since most of the money flowing into the fraud has not been derived from the participants retailing goods, and/or services, to the public for a profit, participants have actually been unwittingly peddled infinite shares in what can only be largely, or entirely, their own finite money.
So called 'MLM income opportunities' have all been latter-day copy-cats of an absurd mathematical hoax, the origins of which are lost in the mists of time.
Perhaps, Mr Mastan Vali should remind Justice Raja llango that, according to the traditional, Indian, moral fable, when the creator of the game of chess (an Indian mathematician, or a legendary figure named Sessa or Sissa) gave his invention to the delighted ruler of his country, he was granted the exceptional right to name his own reward. The inventor told the astonished King that all he required was one grain of wheat to be placed on the first square of his chess board, two grains on the second square, four on the third, eight on the fourth, etc. Without thinking, the King immediately accepted the inventor's (apparently modest and viable) request, and ordered his treasurer to hand over the wheat. However, when the treasurer took more than a week to calculate the quantity, the King, who had no knowledge of mathematics, asked him to explain the delay. The treasurer said that, in reality, there wasn't enough wheat in the entire land to give the inventor/mathematician even a fraction of his promised reward.
Realizing that the inventor/mathematician had tried to cheat him, the King ordered his head to be cut off to discourage any similar trickery in the future.
David Brear (copyright 2011)

Tuesday, 23 August 2011

AP High Court understood the business model of speakasiaonline

Justice Raja Elango of Andhra Pradesh High Court appears to be determined to grill speakasiaonline as he has already understood the dubious business model of the fraudulent company. The trial was adjourned today to 25th August, 2011 after the counsel of Corporate Frauds Watch, Mr Mastan Vali expressed no objection when the Government Pleader asked for the adjournment.
During the hearing on Friday last, the counsel for speakasiaonline stated that the business model of speakasiaonline is very complicated and very difficult to understand. However, Jutice Raja Elango in a sarcastic note wondered how he could understood that easily if it is that complicated and difficult to understand.
Immediately, The counsel for the petitioner changed the tack and started attacking the complainant, Corporate Frauds Watch and stated that it has no locus standi. The writ petition has gone to the extent of casting aspersions on Corporate Frauds Watch and stated that it was trying to be in limelight in filing such criminal cases against the petitioner company. At the end of that paragraph, the writ petition has also stated that Corporate Frauds Watch has been making unjust demands.
After hearing the petitioner counsel's argument, Justice Raja Ilango emphatically stated that he would look into the locus standi of Corporate Frauds Watch later and asked the counsel to put forward the argument justifying the business model of speakasiaonline.
In a helpless mood, the counsel for the petitioner asked for adjournment.
Now the trial is adjourned for 25th August, 2011, one has to wait and see what decision the Andhra Pradesh High Court takes. 

Sunday, 21 August 2011

Shame on you Legislators who support the corrupt Jagan

A massive corporate fraud has taken place in Andhra Pradesh, India under our very nose and one person amassed Rs. 400 billion in a short span of four years. It has the dubious distinction of being the biggest fraud that occurred in free India. He is none other than Mr Y S Jaganmohan Reddy, son of the late Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, Mr Y S Rajasekhar Reddy,
Soon after the death of his father who died in a chopper crash, Mr Jaganmohan Reddy claimed the chief minister-ship of the State even before the dead body of his father was found. Mrs Sonia Gandhi-led Congress party high command ignored his claims and made another senior minister the chief minster of the State. Aggrieved by this, Mr Jaganmohan Reddy a.k.a. Jagan raised the rebel flag and launched his own party.With that ill-gotten wealth he also launched a television channel and started a daily newspaper to attack his detractors. 
Meanwhile, a Congress MLA Mr Sankar Rao, wrote a letter to the Chief Justice of Andhra Pradesh High Court demanding an inquiry into the amassing of enormous wealth by Mr Jagan under the corporate veil with the help of his father (when he was alive) and top bureaucrats.
The Andhra Pradesh High Court accepted the letter as a writ petition and ordered the Central Bureau Investigation (CBI) to probe into the massive and illegal asset building by Mr Jagan. The CBI swung into action and has been collecting incriminating evidence for the last one week. The CBI has also been raiding the premises of several industrial houses who invested hundreds of millions of rupees in Jagan's companies.
During the investigation, the CBI has also found incriminating evidence against the late chief minister and included his name in the First Information Report (FIR). Aggrieved by the inclusion of the name of the 'great leader' Mr Y S Rajasekhar Reddy in the FIR, several MLAs on Sunday submitted resignations to the membership of the State Assembly. It is reported that nearly 29 MLAs so far submitted their resignations and the number may go up to 40.
The question is why should they resign when the CBI found prima facie incriminating evidence in the corrupt deals of the late chief minister. What they are up to? Are they trying to blackmail the party high command or threatening the investigating agency or trying to subvert the judiciary? Are they for the people or for furthering their own ends?
Everyone knows the deals that were undertaken by the late chief minister during his tenure and how he manipulated the industrialists to invest in his son's company by offering enormous sops in the name of several thousands of acres of land to each of the industrialists.
For the simple reason that he was dead, he would not become a saint overnight. Let the CBI investigate into the crimes without fear or favour and let the truth come out.
It seems that these Legislators are afraid of the truth.
How Mr Jagan amassed enormous wealth in such a short span would make an interesting study. He floated several companies both in India and in Mauritius in the name of henchmen and purchased shares of his own companies through those fake corporate entities. 
Moreover, several industrialists were more than willing to purchase the shares of companies floated by Mr Jagan at exorbitant price. In return, the State Government headed by the late Chief Minister Mr Y S Rajasekhar Reddy allotted several thousands of acres of land at throw away price to all these industrialists.
It is the biggest corporate frauds pulled in the State since Independence. Due to the judicial activism the whole issue is being probed. These Legislators who are sidekicks of the late leader and his son, now want to throw a spanner in the investigation process.
Surprisingly, on one hand, the whole nation is supporting Mr Anna Hazare who is fighting against corruption and on the other these legislators who are supposed to be answerable to the people are trying to stall the CBI investigation.
It is high time, people all over the State raised against such tactics and called the spade a spade.

Friday, 19 August 2011

Down with corruption - Hail Mother India

For the benefit of your non-Indian readers (or anyone who might not have been following recent events in India), earlier this week, an elderly activist against corruption, Anna Hazare (74), along with around 1200 of his supporters, were summarily arrested (apparently, on the direct orders of the Indian Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh) for attempting to begin a public hunger strike to the death in Delhi.
Anna Hazare had previously started to fast to the death earlier this year, but he withdrew when he was allowed to contribute to the drawing up of a new law against corruption. However, now that this proposed legislation has been published, it exempts the Indian Prime Minister and certain Senior Indian Judges from investigation and prosecution - effectively placing them above the law. .
This begs the obvious question: What has Manmohan Singh got to be so afraid of ?
Ironically, by throwing Anna Hazare in prison and falsely accusing him of trying to circumvent democracy, Manmohan Singh has effectively spat upon democracy by attempting to exclude what is self-evidently the opinion of the majority of the Indian electorate. Indeed, countless thousands of ordinary Indian voters have rallied in support of Anna Hazare, who sees this issue as a second struggle for Indian Independence. Outside the prison, crowds of peaceful protesters have waved the Indian flag and chanted: 'Down With Corruption - Hail Mother India.'
Today, it has been announced that Anna Hazare has agreed with police in Delhi not to pursue his public hunger strike to the death, but only for 15 days. He should be released later today.
Hopefully,  the corrupt officials responsible for allowing 'MLM income oportunity'fraud into the Republic of India, are now quaking in their boots. Furthermore, it is an absolute certainty that money stolen by 'MLM' racketeers from Indian citizens will have found its way into the coffers of corrupt Indian political parties and into the pockets of corrupt Indian politicians. Given these facts, the possible, rigorous investigation of 'MLM income opportunity' fraud in India, might be part of what Manmohan Singh fears?
David Brear (copyright 2011)

Wednesday, 17 August 2011

Corporate Frauds Watch does not accept anecdotal evidence bleated by insolvent 'Amway' sheep

Your free-thinking readers might have noticed that an intellectually-castrated 'Amway' sheep, called Rajinder Bansal, has bleated an absurd, reality-inverting comment on Corporate Frauds Watch in which he implies that he is making money out of 'Amway' and that we are ignorant monkeys who have swallowed lies and produced shit. This arrogant fool claims to know the difference between a legal and an illegal pyramid scheme, because he's read a book ('Who Stole The American Dream',by Berk Hedges). However, the thought-stopping 'MLM' bullshit that Rajinder has swallowed and is promoting, can only have been fed to him by the instigators of an 'MLM income opportunity' fraud, of which he is a victim. In the adult world of quantifiable reality, the racketeers who actually stole (and perverted) 'The American Dream,' and who have made a fortune by peddling it (in the form of endless publictions, recordings, tickets to meetings, etc.) to millions of aspiring sheep like Rajinder Bansal, are the billionaire bosses of the 'Amway' mob and their criminal associates.
Rajinder Bansal is self-evidently in denial of quantifiable reality. Typically, he doesn't offer to prove that he has ever made one Rupee of overall profit out of regularly peddling 'Amway'-supplied goods, and/or services, to the public. Furthermore, he will never have seen any quantifiable evidence (in the form of audited accounts; particularly, income tax receipts) proving that any other insolvent 'Amway' sheep has ever made an overall profit from regularly peddling 'Amway' supplied merchandise to the public.
Whilst he remains under the malign influence of his group, Rajinder Bansal doesn't possess the critical, and evaluative, faculties which would allow him to understand that Corporate Frauds Watch will not accept anecdotal evidence supplied by intellectually-castrated 'Amway' sheep. Similarly, Rajinder Bansal is unable to understand that (no matter selectively-blind 'MLM' economist he cites) the simple test to determine whether any commercial scheme is econonomically viable (and, therefore, lawful) is:
- Does the scheme have a significant, and sustainable, external source of revenue?
In the case of so-called 'MLM income opportunities' the simple test is always:
- Have significant numbers of participants regularly peddled products, and/or services, to the public for a profit, or have significant numbers of participants been persuaded regularly to hand their own cash over to the scheme's instigators (in exchange for effectively-unsaleable wampum) whilst trying to recruit more contributing participants to perpetuate the same dissimulated money circulation scheme - in the deluded belief that this is proven plan to achieve 'Total Financial Freedom?'
David Brear (copyright 2011)

Police round up crooks of multilevel marketing

The other day, Vijayawada city police chanced upon busting a racket during their routine check of hotels in the city when they noticed some persons staying in a city hotel have undertaken some mysterious activity. The station house officer who has been approached by the Corporate Frauds Watch and was detailed of various types of multilevel marketing rackets, got suspicious when he noticed some brochures with them. As a preventive measure, he took the five persons into custody and seized the material.
He immediately contacted Corporate Frauds Watch for more information. After browsing through Internet, it was found out that the accused persons belong to Free India Gold, a fraudulent company collecting money ranging from Rs. 10 to Rs 100,000 on the promise of huge returns within a short span. They are also offering attractive commission if they introduce or refer more members into the scheme. Downloading the information, Corporate Frauds Watch gave all information to the police and immediately, the police arrested the persons on 16-08-2011and sent them to judicial custody.
Free India is a fraudulent company offering short of heaven to its customers. The company is offering a plot of land like AgriGold, PACL and other crooks to the members though it does not own any land anywhere. Surprisingly, the website does not have the details of office-bearers but it has only the address of the corporate office at Hyderabad. However, the modus operandi and the huge returns are prominently written all over the website. 
Now some of them are cooling their heels in the Vijayawada District Jail and the police are on the look out for the kingpin, one Srinivas, who is already accused in some other scams.
This could be described as the clone of AgriGold which has been continually cheating people even today. It is high time the police initiated action against the companies like PACL, AgriGold, Akshaya Gold and Abhaya Gold as early as possible.

Tuesday, 16 August 2011

'Club Asteria' - a financial crime against humanity

Corporate Frauds Watch is now being contacted by a minority of former core-adherents of ‘Club Asteria’ who are prepared to confess that not only did they lose their own cash, but they also lured others into the same swindle – genuinely believing that they were helping their fellow human beings to achieve a better life. Perhaps the time has come for legislators to identify the growing-problem of ‘financial crimes against humanity.
Corporate Frauds Watch continues to redirect the few visible victims of the ‘Club Asteria’ swindle to US law enforcement agencies. It now seems very probable that Andrea Lucas, and her associate-parasites, will finally be held to account. However, given the scale of the ‘Club Asteria’ swindle, what would it be appropriate to charge its instigators with?
The overwhelming majority of destitute 'Club Asteria’ victims remain silent. Andrea Lucas and her criminal associates have used, and continue to use, co-ordinated, devious techniques of psychological and social persuasion, designed to shut down their victims’ critical and evaluative faculties, and convince them that failure to make money was entirely their own fault. For obvious reasons, the courageous few who have come forward to confess that they were victims, and promoters, of a pernicious fraud, exhibit classic psychological deterioration symptoms; particularly, overwhelming feelings (guilt, shame, anger and embarrassment). Such problems are also generally indicative of the victims of abuse.
Corporate Frauds Watch

Monday, 15 August 2011

To 'Ambots' - in order to save the world, it becomes necessary to destroy it

Your free-thinking readers will have found the recent article 'Amway is killing me' a fascinating, and courageous, personal testimony.

Far from achieving 'Total Financial Freedom,' countless, male core-'Amway' adherents have, in fact, wound up on mortuary slabs. They fell asleep at the wheels of their clapped-out cars. These vulnerable guys were indoctrinated to believe that they were heroic 'Road Warriors,' the 'Amway' elite, who (exactly like their 'Diamond' leaders) would selflessly drive anywhere (at any time) to build the 'Business' and achieve their 'Dreams and Goals.' 
Sadly, anyone reading these alarming facts without a direct personal experience of a deluded 'Ambot,' will not be able to appreciate the full horror that groups like 'Amway' represent. However, unquestioning core-'Amway' adherents are no longer the individuals they once were. Whilst they remain under the malign influence of their group, they are effectively dead; for they have been gradually dissociated from external reality and reformed into de facto slaves furthering the hidden criminal objectives of their leaders, completely dependent on a collective paranoid delusion of absolute moral and intellectual supremacy fundamental to the maintenance of their individual self-esteem/identity and related psychological function. It becomes impossible for such deluded 'Ambots' to see humour in their situation or to feel pity for, or to empathise with, non-adherents. Their minds have been programmed to interpret the manipulation, and/or cheating, and/or dispossession, and/or destruction, of inferior outsiders (particularly those who challenge their group's controlling scenario) as perfectly justifiable.
As you know, I too, have witnessed this first-hand with vulnerable members of my own family.
Just like Adolf Hitler, the otherwise-mediocre little charlatan-bosses of pernicious totalitarian/cultic mobs like 'Amway' and 'Scientology' have become immensely-wealthy by peddling vulnerable individuals essentially the same narcissistic fairytale - i.e. they claim to offer a superior knowledge - an exclusve means of self-betterment which will permit their unquestioning followers to achieve a secure, future, Utopian existence.
For decades, the absurd leadership of the twin movements known as 'Amway' and 'Scientology' have steadfastly pretended absolute moral and intellectual authority whilst running, and occulting, esentially the same advance fee fraud. Indeed, the'Amway' and 'Scientology' Utopias (as well as the sacred scientific means of achieving these comic-book guided-fanatasies) have been portrayed using virtually the same ritual words and images.
In both 'Amway' and 'Scientology' core-adherents have been indoctrinated to believe that all their previous thinking was wrong and dangerous, and that they should kill-off their former 'negative' personalities and cross over a bridge into a 'totally positive' brave new world.  This radical personality-transformation process has involved excluding from the adherents' lives all 'negative' influences; particularly, free-thinking individuals who try to reason with them.
Thus, although it can seem impossible to casual observers, the most deluded 'Ambots' actually believe that in order to save themselves, their friends and their families, it is first necessary to destroy all of these 'negative and dangerous' people.
David Brear (copyright 2011)

Amway is Killing Me!

A recent searcher on Google found their way to my blog by typing in “Amway                           is killing me”.
Literally or figuratively I have no way or knowing.
I’ve seen comments on other blogs and in the book Merchants of Deception where association with Amway literally killed IBOs. 
Tired IBOs died while driving home late at night from an Amway meeting and fell asleep at the wheel and were killed in a car crash. There were two employees at Amway headquarters who worked in the technology department (I think) who were having an affair and the man killed the woman and then committed suicide - if I remember the story correctly. I read it last year and haven’t gone back to review it.
There are likely many other stories out there that we don’t know about. I’m sure some IBO’s have committed suicide after losing all their money, their house, and their family thanks to their Amway stint. All tragic deaths. And of course similar stories have happened to people everywhere who had nothing to do with Amway. I’d say it's accurate that Amway has been a contributing factor to some deaths. Actual numbers will likely never be known. Who keeps track of morbid details anyway where people were killed and Amway was the common denominator.
What about figuratively? People often throw around phrases like “If you don’t show up at dinnertime with my pizza I’m going to kill you.” Unless they’re a mentally deranged individual they don’t really mean they’ll take the person’s life if their slice of deep dish pepperoni doesn’t show up on time. More than likely they’ll just be pissed off and won’t slice the person’s throat.
“Amway is killing me.”
Interesting topic for a search and I wonder how Amway is killing this individual.
In my case Amway was killing me by using my husband against me on the direct orders of this fucking upline and that son of a bitch Platinum in particular. Amway took a lovely, kind, sensitive person and turned him into an ugly, sneering, condescending son of a bitch who looked down his nose at people who didn’t want anything to do with Amway and treated them like shit the way he was trained to do so by his upline.
Amway was killing me by stealing our money.
Amway was killing me by stealing our time.
Amway was killing me filling my house with their shitty products.
Amway was killing me by putting up with a pompous sack of shit Platinum who demanded my husband’s submission and adoration.
Amway was killing me by tormenting my emotional well being.
Amway was killing me by boring me to death sitting in at meetings and functions.
Back to the original searcher who says “Amway is killing me”. I sure hope he means this only as words of frustration and not that he’s actually considering killing himself, committing suicide because of Amway.
Good luck to you searcher. I hope you find the answer you need to break loose from the Amway cult. 

Sunday, 14 August 2011

'Shopping with violence'

As you know, Britain has recently made world-headlines due to night-time rioting erupting first in the N. London district of Tottenham and then spreading throughout the land. When junior officers shot dead a 29 year old man, Mark Duggan, and then senior officers foolishly lied to the public about the exact circumstances, what started out as an angry (but lawful) community protest against the London Metropolitan police, quickly degenerated into a nationwide orgy of copy-cat law-breaking; including assault, vandalism, looting, arson, murder, etc. Indeed, for two or three days, many British streets began to look like war zones. Widespread calls were made for extreme measures to be introduced. Fortunately, these were ignored. To date, approximately 2000 persons (mostly unemployed males between the ages of 15 and 19) have been arrested. The overwhelming majority of these offenders were not caught in the act. They were subsequently identified after closed circuit TV images were released and appeals made to the public.
What evidently seems to have happened, is that the UK media (always in search of sensational pictures) thoughtlessly advertised the fact that disorganized gangs of hooded-youths had come onto N. London streets to provoke, and fight with, the police. When the police (who were already outnumbered, and under orders not to escalate the violence) appeared to be present only as powerless spectators, more opportunist rioters arrived and began to set fire to cars and to smash their way into commercial premises; stealing valuable, portable consumer items and burning what could not be moved. Certain members of the public, who tried to intervene, were brutally assaulted. Within a few days, numerous gangs of young hooligans were duplicating, and/or attempting to duplicate, this group-sociopathic behaviour in various British towns and cities, apparently believing that they were perfectly entitled to run riot and thieve and that they would not be caught and held to account. When interviewed by journalists (in the cold light of day), a few brain-dead kids (brandishing stolen bottles of alcohol and claiming to be rioters) attempted to justify what was happening by parroting that it was all the fault of the rich, the government, the police,etc. However, as soon as it became clear that the UK police, supported by the overwhelming majority of the UK public, would intervene forcibly and on a scale commensurate with the phenomenon the country was facing, and that the tiny, reckless minority responsible would, in fact, be swiftly traced and held to account, the wave of rioting has subsided.
Various insightful commentators have described this phenomenon as 'being not so much rioting, as shopping with violence.'
The immediate reaction of the UK Prime Minister, David Cameron, was to return from his holiday in N. Italy and recall parliament. Both senior UK police officers and government Ministers have now claimed that their decisions saved the day.  

Ironically, David Cameron, has apparently decided to employ Bill Bratton (described by the press as a 'US super cop') to 'advise the British government on dealing with gangs' . Not surprisingly, senior UK police officers are not impressed However, I would say that the last person to consult in the entire world about any form of crime, would be a senior American law enforcement agent; for the briefest examination of history proves that all so-called 'US super cops' (no matter what their recent track-record) can be nothing more than exponents of the ignoble art of slamming the stable door (decades) after the horse bolted.

The USA probably leads the world when it comes to crime in general, and violent crime in particular. Unfortunately, the 'home of the brave and the land of the free' certainly does not lead the world when it comes to tackling crime or the causes of crime. Remember, in 1919, the members of the US government (apparently believing that they were going to reduce all forms of crime) passed a short-sighted federal law which, on paper, made the production and sale of 'intoxicating beverages' criminal offences. In reality, for 13 years, the US government made virtually no attempt to enforce what was an effectively-unenforceable law, and handed the vastly-profitable alcohol business (and a huge source of legal tax-revenue) over to the sociopathic leaders of relatively small-time criminal gangs - quickly making the most-violent of these greedy, young hoodlums into tax-free multi-millionaire racketeers. Today, the world is still living with the catastrophic results of US-based, major organised crime; for another gigantic illegal business also traces its roots to the 'Prohibition' era - realizing that alcohol would soon be legalized again, many American racketeers invested their ill-gotten gains in the production and sale of narcotics. 
The one thing which the American experience should have taught us, is that if you pass a law, then fail to enforce it, you not only effectively-authorise the very crime which you sought to prohibit, but you also offer an open-invitation for anyone, so-inclined, to commit all manner of other crimes.
David Brear (copyright 2011) 

Thursday, 11 August 2011

'Amway'-style 'MLM' imperialism is only dangerous whilst it remains largely-unrecognised


As you know, Corporate Frauds Watch has again been visited by a Californian, Mr. Kasey Chang. This unhelpful, egocentric, fellow steadfastly pretends to be opposed to scams, but (in effect) without citing one shred of quantifiable evidence to support his existing beliefs, he too continues blithely to accept the 'MLM income opportunity' fairytale that the members of numerous latter-day gangs of pedlars (arbitrarily and falsely defined as 'Independent MLM Business Owners') not only earn money from lawfully selling goods themselves, but also from recruiting their own sub-gangs of pedlars who can also earn money from lawfully selling goods and from also recruiting their own sub-gangs of pedlars, etc. ad infinitum. Thus, Mr. Chang (in effect) also blithely accepts that even if the members of these mythical, geometrically-expanding, latter-day gangs and sub-gangs of profitable pedlars' manage to find some genuine customers, they then illogically endeavour to destroy their own lawful clientele by tranforming it into their own unlawful competition.
Contrary to the latest false and defamatory statements that Mr. Chang has posted on his own Blog, I do not hold the simplistic belief that 'MLM is evil' nor am I engaged in a 'crusade.' Furthermore, I am not condemning Mr. Chang for refusing to agree with me (as he imagines). What I have actually invited Mr. Chang to do, is what I invite all readers to do - to think using accurate, deconstructed (certainly not grandiose) English. If Mr. Chang had been intellectually-equipped to accept my invitation, then he could have evolved and realized that (in practice) so-called 'MLM income opportunities' have quite obviously all been dissimulated money circulation schemes, because the quantifiable evidence (in the form of the tax record) proves that, for the previous 50+ years, effectively none of all the tens of millions of hopeful latter-day pedlars who have been constantly churned through countless, copy-cat, so-called 'MLM income opportunities' has paid any income tax deriving from net-profits earned lawfully by regularly peddling goods, and/or services, to the public. The whole 'MLM' phenomenon has been an absurd lie. 
That said, the deeper explanation of 'MLM income opportunity' fraud as a new form of imperialism (disguised as benign American capitalism), seems to have struck a chord with many of your free-thinking readers (including senior Indian law enforcement agents). Whilst it remains largely-unrecognised, this contemporary adaptation of an age-old phenomenon is, without question, an ongoing threat to democracy and the rule of law.
Imperialists don't need physically to acquire dependent territories to extend their own, and/or their country's, influence. Traditionally, diplomacy, trade, culture, religious conversion, etc., have all been used as weapons by imperialists.
Tellingly, at the dark heart of the parallel 'Amway' State, and of its many copy-cats, has lain the absurd, but nonetheless pernicious, sacred, economic pseudo-science commonly-referred to a 'Multi-Level Marketing.' The instigators of the worst 'MLM income opportunity' frauds have sought to overwhelm their victims emotionally and intellectually by pretending that progressive initiation into their own superior knowledge (coupled with total belief in its authenticity and unconditional deference to the authority of its higher initiates) will defeat a negative force and lead to future, exclusive redemption in a secure Utopian existence of universal prosperity, freedom and happiness. By making total belief a prerequisite of future redemption, 'MLM' victims are drawn into a closed-logic trap (i.e. failure to achieve redemption is solely the fault of the individual who didn't believe totally). Typically, obedient 'MLM'  initiates have been granted ego-inflating 'positive' names, and/or ranks, and/or titles, whilst non-initiates have been referred to using 'negative'  dehumanizing terms ('losers', 'dream-stealers', "whiners', 'ignorant critics', 'anti-MLM zealots', 'communists', etc.). Although initiation can first appear to be reasonbaly-priced and benefits achievable, the 'MLM' pseudo-science gradually becomes evermore costly and mystifying. Ultimately, it is completely incomprehensible and its anecdotal benefits are never quantifiable. The self-righteous euphoria and relentless enthusiasm of the most-deluded 'MLM' proselytizers can be highly infectious and deeply misleading. They are invariably convinced that their own economic salvation also depends on saving others from poverty.
Wealthy US-based criminogenic oganizations, like 'Amway,' officially occupy no territory and they have no armed forces. Yet their self-appointed sovereign rulers have been engaged in widespread psychological and economic warfare against their fellow citizens and against the citizens of America's allies. These pernicious, anti-democratic organizations have operated exactly like imperialist, totalitarian States (i.e. they are centrally-controlled and require of their core-adherents an absolute subservience to the group and its leadership above all other persons). By definition, everything within a totalitarian State becomes arbitrarily divided by its leadership into'totally negative (pure and good) versus totally positive (impure and evil).' The core-subjects of a totalitarian State are always bonded by their unconscious acceptance of the self-gratifying, but wholly imaginary, scenario that they alone represent a positve force of purity and absolute rigteousness derived from their leadership's exclusive access to a superior knowledge, and that they alone oppose a negative force of impurity and absolute evil.
The deluded little fellow, Rajesh, who has recently sprung to 'Amway's' defence on Corporate Frauds Watch, wielding only anecdotal evidence, is a perfect example of the unquestioning, totalitarian mind-set. Notice how Rajesh doesn't offer to produce his own 'Amway'-related audited accounts (particularly, his income tax receipts) to disprove our analysis. 
David Brear (copyright 2011)

Wednesday, 10 August 2011

RBI cautions people on unauthorised deposit-collecting companies

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) cautioned that certain unauthorised individuals/companies were collecting public deposits by offering high returns. The regulator said this amounted to fraud and had to be investigated by the law enforcement agencies.
"It was reported that some individuals/firms/unincorporated associations of individuals (unincorporated bodies)/ marketing companies and companies engaged in money circulation schemes have been collecting money from the public by making tall promises of high returns, either through issue of advertisements or by sale of products. Some of these entities have reportedly vanished without repaying the money collected by them", the RBI said.
No non-banking finance corporations can accept public deposits apart from the ones who are permitted by RBI. The list of NBCs which are permitted to accept public deposits is available on the RBI website (
"All complaints relating to unauthorised acceptance of money and running of money circulation schemes should be referred to the Economic Offences Wing of the State Governments concerned," the RBI said.
This is the statement of the Reserve Bank of India.
It may be recalled that several such companies like Pearls a.k.a. PACL, Agrigold have been mobilising deposits from various sections of people in the name of real estate. Recently, the CID of Andhra Pradesh filed a criminal case against KMJ Land Developers Ltd on the same charges. But in spite of written complaints and registered criminal cases against PACL and Agrigold, there is hardly any action against those companies.
It is high time, criminal proceedings are taken up against these companies. We hope the CID of Andhra Pradesh would initiate action against these fraudulent companies.

Tuesday, 9 August 2011

'Amway' and its copy-cats are a new form of Imperialism

Most Indians believe that they got rid of mass-exploitation (dressed-up as benign British Imperialism) in 1947, but a new form of mass-exploitation (this time dressed-up as benign American capitalism) has returned. Their complete failure to identify this ongoing threat to democracy and the rule of law, is a damning indictment of India's current, elected leadership and of the mainstream Indian media, not to mention an insult to all the men, women and children who perished so that (after centuries of foreign-rule) Independence could finally be established in India.
After reading some of the recent, senseless Amspeak comments posted on Corporate Frauds Watch, I think it's again high-time for some more common-sense, and plain speaking.
Originally, the English noun 'pedlar' (spelled 'pedler' in the USA) meant someone who sells goods (often door-to-door) in small quantities. Yet, trying to reason with inflexible 'Amway' pedlars, like 'Renjit' and 'Raj', who (in defence of their self-esteem) need to believe in the 'MLM income opportunity' fairytale, is a waste of time. These arrogant little sheep always bleat the same closed-logic, anecdotal arguments presented in their group's thought-stopping jargon. Therefore, I shall continue to speak to your free-thinking readers (particularly the courageous Indian police officers challenging 'Amway India Enterprises' in Kerala), in accurate, deconstructed English.
In respect of 'Amway' (corruption of the popular phrase, 'the American Way'), when translated into plain language, the made-up impressive-sounding terms, 'Multi-Level Marketing', 'Direct Selling' and 'Independent (MLM) Business Owner' are all puerile inversions of quantifiable reality. Indeed, just a moment's critical-thinking should reveal to the average person that no one can achieve prosperity and success by becoming a latter-day pedlar, no matter what impressive-sounding title he/she is given. Many years ago, everyday items were commonly peddled door-to-door by salaried, and non-salaried, commission agents and certain individual entrepreneurs who, if they offered the public good-quality, competitively-priced merchandise, were presentable, honest, good at selling and prepared to work hard, could build a regular clientele and make a living (provided they didn't have too much competition). However, today this traditional practise has effectively vanished in most countries. Many people are not at home during the day and they are not interested in receiving unsolicited callers in the evenings. When the average American/European wants to buy some everyday item today, he/she will invariably turn to the Internet or go to a local supermarket, where there is an almost unlimited choice of price and quality. The average person's own experience is that he/she does not regularly buy goods from pedlars and, furthermore, the average person does not know anyone who does .

Since the 1950s, a growing number of criminogenic cultic organizations like 'Amway' have been allowed to create and maintain the reality-inverting, self-perpetuating myth that millions of people around the world supplement their incomes by becoming 'Independent Business Owners/Direct Sellers' and that countless of these 'IBOs' have retired from their traditional low-paid jobs, and gone on to become MLM 'multi-millionaires. Yet there is absolutely no quantifiable evidence (in the form of the audited accounts, particularly income tax receipts) proving that this 'MLM income opportunity' fairytale is true. Amazingly, an outrageous lie has been repeated so often that it has become generally accepted as the truth. Indeed, if one even suggests to government regulators and mainstream journalists that the whole of the so-called 'multi-billion dollar direct selling industry' has been nothing more than a collection of dissimulated money circulation scemes, regulators and mainstream journalists are automatically convinced that this itself must be an outrageous lie.
This is hardly surprising, since government regulators and mainstream journalists do not wish to admit that they have been deceived themselves, and are (in part) responsible. However, in effect, without the slightest verification, governments and the mainstream media currently accept that the members of numerous latter-day gangs of pedlars not only earn money from selling goods themselves, but also from recruiting their own sub-gangs of pedlars who can also earn money from selling goods and from also recruiting their own sub-gangs of pedlars, etc. ad infinitum. Thus, even if the members of these mythical, geometrically-expanding, latter-day gangs and sub-gangs of profitable pedlars' manage to find some genuine customers, they illogically endeavour to destroy their own clientele by tranforming it into their own competition.
David Brear (copyright 2011)

Monday, 8 August 2011

'Amway' is under investigation in India, but all 'MLM Income Opportunities' are Dissimulated Criminal Enterprises


At the end of a week in which the USA finally lost its triple-'A' credit-rating, and billions of dollars were again wiped-off stock markets around the world, one chapter of the multi-billion dollar American 'MLM income opportunity' fairtale is again facing rigorous criminal investigation in India. However, the mainstream Indian media has still not fully-grasped how enormous this story really is.

In an ideal world, the mainstream Indian headlines could, and should, read:
'India leads the World as the First Democracy to Stand up to American Racketeers and Declare that all 'MLM Income Opportunities' have been Dissimulated Criminal Enterprises!
As you know, the 'Amway' Ministry of Truth hides behind comic-book masked-characters like Mr. David Steadson a.k.a. 'IBOFB' a.k.a. 'Insider' a.k.a. 'Icerat' . A new mask for the 'Amway' Lord Haw Haw, 'Kevin,' has been posting reality-inverting comments on Indian mainstream media Websites reporting the recent raids on'Amway' offices in Kerala. The 'Amway' Ministry of Truth is now on a familiar damage-limitation exercise. Typically, 'Kevin' and his criminal associates are desperately trying to make it appear to casual observers that some isolated critics at Corporate Frauds Watch have managed to fool a gullible provincial policeman into believing that the mighty-multi-national 'Amway Corporation' is a fraud. However, If the 'Amway MLM Income Opportunity' fairytale is true, then, obviously, hundreds of thousands of Indian citizens should have been paying income tax on net-profits deriving from their regularly retailing 'Amway'-supplied goods, and/or services, to the Indian public. So, my question for the multi-masked 'Amway' Lord Haw Haw is :
'Why, if 'Amway India Enterprises' has been (as you steadfastly pretend) a completely innocent direct selling company offering a legitimate income opportunity which has been unjustly accused of being a fraud by an ill-informed senior officer of the Kerala police, don't 'Amway India Enterprise's' corporate officers simply appeal to their '450 000 Indian Independent Business Owners' to come forward to the Kerala police with their audited accounts (particularly, their income- tax receipts)?  
I presume that when the quantifiable evidence proving 'Amway' to be innocent, fails to materialize, the Kerala Police will refuse to be side-tracked by anecdotal evidence and, instead, pursue their criminal inquiries into 'Amway India Enterprises' at the offices of the Indian tax authorities. 
Obviously, the Kerala police will discover that effectively no non-salaried commission agent of 'Amway India Enterprises' has ever paid income tax on net-profits deriving from his/her regularly retailing 'Amway' wampum to the Indian public, because the corporate officers of 'Amway India Enterprises', along with those of the so-called 'Indian Direct Selling Association' and their corrupt legal representatives have been knowingly hiding an unawful money circulation scheme in which Indian victims have actually been obliged to hand over their money each month in return for effectively-unsaleable wampum, and to endeavour to sign-up their social contacts to duplicate the same endless-chain recruitment scam, in the deluded belief that this is a proven plan for achieving total financial freedom. 
Furthermore, the Kerala police will discover that millions of Indian citizens have already been churned through the reality-inverting 'Amway' racket and that this key information has also been withheld from the Indian public.
David Brear (copyright 2011)